Diseases

Learn about the diseases we treat and I can help cure.

Diseases

Diabetic retinopathy

People with diabetes may have an eye disease called diabetic retinopathy.

This disease occurs because high blood sugar levels cause damage to the blood vessels in the retina.

These blood vessels can swell and leak fluid. They can also close up and prevent blood from flowing. Sometimes new abnormal blood vessels grow in the retina. All of these changes can cause you to lose your vision.

Retinal detachment

The vitreous usually separates from the retina without causing problems. But sometimes the vitreous pulls too hard and breaks the retina in one or more places. Fluid can pass through a retinal tear, lifting it off the back of the eye, similar to peeling off wallpaper. A retinal detachment occurs when the retina separates from the back of the eye.

Central Retinal Vein Occlusion (CRVO)

Arteries and veins carry blood throughout the body, including the eyes. The retina of the eye has a main artery and a main vein. Blockage of the main retinal vein is called central retinal vein occlusion (CRVO).

When the vein is blocked, blood and fluid leak into the retina. The macula can become swollen from this fluid and affect central vision. Eventually, due to lack of blood circulation, the nerve cells in the eye die and you may lose more vision.

Venous branch occlusion

Retinal vein occlusion involves obstruction by a thrombus. Patients have painless vision loss that is often sudden and may have risk factors (eg, older age, hypertension).

Age-related macular degeneration

Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is a disease associated with aging that gradually destroys central vision and image detail. Central vision is needed to see clearly and to perform daily tasks such as reading and driving.

Cataracts

A cataract is an opacification or cloudiness of the lens of the eye due to aging, disease, or trauma that usually prevents light from forming a clear image on the retina. If visual loss is significant, surgical removal of the lens may be warranted, and the loss of optical power is usually replaced with a plastic intraocular lens.

Epiretinal membrane

It is a condition in which a thin layer of scar tissue forms on the surface of the retina, in the region where vision is sharpest (the macula). When it forms, this membrane can contract and wrinkle the macula causing distortion and/or blurred vision.

Macular hole

It is the presence of a small circular opening in the macula, which is the central area of the retina. The retina is the layer at the back of the eye that captures light stimuli and perceives the images that will be sent to our brain.

Glaucoma

Glaucoma is a group of eye conditions that damage the optic nerve, whose health is vital for good vision. This damage is often caused by higher than normal pressure in the eye.

Astigmatism

Astigmatism is an imperfection in the curvature of the eye’s cornea or lens. Normally, the cornea and lens are smooth and curved equally in all directions. This helps focus light rays tightly onto the retina at the back of the eye. If your cornea or lens is not smoothly and evenly curved, light rays are not refracted (bent) correctly. Doctors call this a refractive error.

Blepharitis

Blepharitis occurs when you have bacteria and oily secretions at the base of your eyelashes. Your eyelids get red, swollen, burn, or all three. Blepharitis is very common, especially in people with oily skin, dandruff, or dry eyes.

Myopia

Myopia is a refractive error, which means that the eye does not refract light properly to see images clearly. When nearsighted, close objects are seen clearly, but distant objects are blurred. Nearsightedness is a common condition that affects 25 percent of Americans. This is a focus-related eye disorder, not an eye disease.

Conjunctivitis

Conjunctivitis is often called «pink eye». It occurs when an infection or allergies irritate the conjunctiva. The eyes become red and swollen, sometimes producing a sticky discharge. You may have conjunctivitis in one or both eyes. Some types of pink eye are very contagious (spread easily from person to person).

Uveitis

Uveitis occurs when the middle layer of the eyeball becomes inflamed (red and swollen). In this layer, called the uvea, there are many blood vessels that nourish the eye. It can cause damage to vital eye tissue, leading to permanent vision loss.

Keratitis

Keratitis is a condition that occurs in the cornea (the clear, round dome that covers the iris of the eye and the pupil) when it becomes inflamed, causing pain and redness of the eye, and affecting vision. Also known as a corneal ulcer.

General Ophthalmological Assessment

It is important to have an eye exam as part of maintaining good health. But do you know when you should get an eye exam for yourself and your family members and what kind of exams should be done? Get the right exam at the right time and guarantee your vision will last a lifetime.

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